This massive increase in opium smuggling into china became a recipe for war. The 19th century opium wars between england and china had lasting ramifications for both countriesso much so that in some ways the wars never ended. Johnnie to and the hong kong action film full text. Opium war doesnt really have much of a plot and its story points are left deliberately vague. Founding of a republic, 2009, the main melody films of the 1990s attempt to corral the. All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at ancient china opium wars.
This essay aims to discuss the significant causes of the opium war over which there has been much controversy. Nov 22, 2014 the opium war is an interesting time in history when the west and the eastern powers clashed violently in open warfare for the first time between two regional powers, great britain and qing china. The opium war lost in compensation l history of china duration. The film was shot entirely in afghanistan and revolves around the experiences of two american soldiers peter bussian and joe suba, who crash their helicopter in the afghan desert and find themselves at the mercy of the natural elements and an eclectic family of afghan. Two american soldiers wounded in the afghanistan desert stumble. This war was fought over the two not seeing eye to eye on a lot of things. How did the opium war affect the economy of china by. Opium and the opium wars the western traders community of traders in guangzhou trade tea and silk through a monopoly the trade expands rapidly in 1830s traders want end to the monopoly to be allowed to trade in other ports a fixed rate of tax lin zexu proposed ending opium trade to solve currency problems understood the western traders as pirates 1839 arrived in guangdong destroyed opium. Amuchhyped, longplanned project with a clear political message, the opium war is a consistently eyepleasing historical costumer thats a superior example of its type without moving any mountains. They banned all opium in china, arrested drug dealers, closed opium dens, put chinese people in rehab and they kicked all of the. For the making of his latest film, opium war, which is set in a poppy field, barmak.
They stumbled toward us, clutching plastic water bottles and their gear, and were introduced to doug wankel, who. Thousands of young people are dying from using drugs in kachin state, myanmar. Opium wars, two armed conflicts in china in the mid19th century between the forces of western countries and of the qing dynasty, which ruled china from 1644 to 191112 the first opium war 183942 was fought between china and britain, and the second opium war 185660, also known as the arrow war or the anglofrench war in china, was fought by britain and france against chi. Opium war kicks off afghanistan film festival the new. What were the causes and consequences of the first opium war. Opium wars, two armed conflicts in china in the mid19th century between the forces of western countries and of the qing dynasty, which ruled china. Up to this point in the movie the yankee soldiers have been full of suspicion and hostility and thats a feeling.
Opium and the opium wars the western traders community of traders in guangzhou trade tea and silk through a monopoly the trade expands rapidly in 1830s traders want end to the monopoly to be. French soldiers also took a big part in this war, which started when the chinese took over one of the british ships in the port of guangzhou, called the arrow. The basic situation is a classic clash of cultures set up. The first opium war was fought from march 18, 1839, to august 29, 1842, and was also known as the first anglochinese war. During the early 1500s the smoking of opium came into fashion in europe, but was considered a barbaric practice by the chinese. Jul 12, 2017 the 19th century opium wars between england and china had lasting ramifications for both countriesso much so that in some ways the wars never ended. The opium wars, opium legalization and opium consumption in china. The british director lucy gordons documentary, this is my destiny, reports on opium from the perspective of mothers using the drug to calm their. The war was fought over the drug opium which was used by the chinese for hundreds of year to relieve pain. Opium wars is a term referring to two wars that britain fought against imperial china in the middle of the nineteenth century, presumably over the attempts of the chinese. The british government was extremely insulted by lins destruction of the opium, and took it as a sign of hostility. When the government is not doing enough to crack down drugs problem, the civilians formed the antidrugs. Published in china perspectives, 20093 2009 stephen teo, director in action.
Lin zexu appointed in 1838 to stamp out opium trade zexu destroyed stocks of opium in china. With peter bussian, joe suba, fawad samani, jawanmard paiez. The first was between great britain and china and lasted from 1839 until. Official afghanistan submission to the 2009 oscars in the best foreign language film category. Opium wars synonyms, opium wars pronunciation, opium wars translation, english dictionary definition of opium wars. The term opium wars refers to two infamous imperialist wars that britain fought. China prohibited the consumption and importation of opium during the early part of the century, but after the second opium war china yielded to british pressure and legalized opium. Viewers will need a few minutes before they are able to immerse themselves in the fictional world of the film. Invision employees share their remote work secrets.
Mismanagement in the aftermath of the british east india companys loss of its monopoly in 1834 abstract the histories of the opium war, of which there are many, have posited. The festival opens on may 1 with opium war, directed by siddiq barmak, a dark comedy about two american soldiers who wind up stranded in an afghan opium field after a helicopter crash. The winner of the 1997 golden rooster and 1998 hundred flowers awards for best picture. As a result of the war, britain won trade rights, access to five treaty ports, and hong kong. During the first opium war, china cedes the island of hong kong to the british with the signing of the chuenpi convention, an agreement. Britain and france, along with troops from russia and the united states, attacked more chinese cities. Xie jin has been called the chinese spielberg, and his epic has the look and texture of an indiana jones movie though apparently the. They banned all opium in china, arrested drug dealers, closed opium dens, put chinese people in rehab and they kicked all of the british out of china. Opium before the war, the war on drugs, and the aftermath. Two american soldiers wounded in the afghanistan desert stumble across a russian tank which has a group of afghanis living inside. Jan 29, 2019 the first opium war was fought from march 18, 1839, to august 29, 1842, and was also known as the first anglochinese war.
All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page. The opium war is an interesting time in history when the west and the eastern powers clashed violently in open warfare for the first time between two regional powers, great britain and qing. The winner of the 1997 golden rooster and 1998 hundred flowers awards. According to the encyclopedia britannica, there were two opium wars. Modern chinese films of the war often stress the sanyuanli victory instead of. Heinemann, 1973, epublished james leasor ltd, 2011.
What about transnational films such as crouching tiger, hidden dragon 2000. Both sides seek to tell a different tale and appeal to different sides of emotion with their artwork regarding the period. The opium wars, opium legalization, and opium consumption in china jeffrey a. That liberation was in part celebrated by telling a story of the opium war, through film.
The film tells the story of the first opium war of 18391842, which was fought between the qing empire of china and the british. Apr 28, 2009 the festival opens on may 1 with opium war, directed by siddiq barmak, a dark comedy about two american soldiers who wind up stranded in an afghan opium field after a helicopter crash. Lin sent a letter to queen victoria trying to resolve the matter, letting the british know that if they objected to the death penalty that would be imposed on those involved in the opium trade they could sign a different document that would allow them to trade freely at the. Opium wars simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The winner of the 1997 golden rooster and 1998 hundred flowers awards for best picture, the film was screened in several international film festivals, notably cannes and montreal. William jardine merchant william napier, 9th lord napier.
By 1820, the chinese merchants were exporting silver to pay for opium and by 1838 the british were selling 1,400 tons of opium to china. On the one hand, the chinese perspective on the cause of the war is about britains. In this war the british forces fought toward the legalization of. China waters hong kong university press, 1999, 2009. The second opium war was also known as the arrow war or anglofrench war in china. The story of qing dynasty official lin zexu and his battle against british imperialist is set at the start of 1838 during the first hints of the conflict that would become the opium war which led to the ceding of hong kong to the british empire. The narration of history in chinese main melody films jstor. Imperial commissioner with full powers to end the opium trade in canton. On the one hand, the chinese perspective on the cause of the war is about britains immoral poisoning of china with opium from smuggling, while on the other hand britain holds the view that the war was as a result of chinese arrogance that treated foreigners as inferior beings and subjected western countries to unfair trade and unacceptable. The opium wars were two wars between china and western countries during the qing dynasty. In 1839, the emperor of china refused to legalize and tax opium and as a result 20,000 chests of opium were confiscated. The opium wars were two wars which were waged between the great qing and the british government in the mid19th century, triggered by the british governments imposition. The opium war yapian zhanzheng, directed by 74yearold chinese director xie jin, was released in beijing on july 1, 1997, set to coincide with the transfer of hong kong from britain back to china. Shot in china and england, the opium war features an all star cast and delivers powerful performances from both britains and chinas leading classic actors.
The illegal opium trade was a mere incident to the dispute. In short, a british drug cartel wanted to force opium into china to pay for importing goods into britain and ended up succeeding and opening the door for the century of humiliation. The first opium war was caused by the unequal trading between china and england resulting in england imposing the trading of opium upon china, and a final outcome of the opium war was that china is forced to have diplomatic relations with other countries rather than keep to itself. The british government was extremely insulted by lins destruction of the opium, and took it as a. Sinosikh war 18411842 fictional and narrative literature. Opium wars definition of opium wars by the free dictionary. When opium war was awarded the golden marcus aurelius for best film at the rome film festival in late october, at least a bit of the strain lifted from barmaks shoulders. The present movie is about the former, which culminated in the treaty of nanjing. Dierci yapian zhanzheng, also known as the second anglochinese war, the second china war, the arrow war, or the anglofrench expedition to china, was a war pitting the british empire and the french empire against the qing dynasty of china that lasted from 1856 to 1860. National history films, such as four opium war films made at different times in different ideological. The opium war, 18391842 china vs britain in the opium war. Opium war 1h 30min drama, war 11 february 2009 usa two american soldiers wounded in the afghanistan desert stumble across a russian tank which has a group of afghanis living inside. Mismanagement in the aftermath of the british east india companys loss of its monopoly in 1834 abstract the histories of the opium war, of which there are many, have posited that the roots of the conflict are diverse and interconnected, ranging from cultural differences to conflicting perspectives on trade. The first opium war ends when britain and china sign the treaty of nanking duration.
Significant causes of the opium war professor essays. Opium, a narcotic drug derived from the poppy seed plant, has been in use since approximately 3400 b. As they cross poppy fields, along the way, they encounter a local family that lives in the shell of a soviet tank and grows opium to survive. They also burned all the british opium which was worth a lot of money. Reprinted from yesterdays late editions the opium war, now at the kb janus, turns out to be a relic as. It was originally used for medicinal purposes in many ancient cultures. Narcotic culture had many interesting points and ideas, however there are three emphasized topics that come to mind.948 582 628 1484 3 819 992 595 518 1076 335 1022 560 1008 505 481 592 1037 1216 887 336 854 202 580 993 213 193 858 651